Here it is! Well it might be a much more complicated question than first thought.
The Near East and Far East were both terms which described
regions to the east of Europe in the 1800s. The far East described places like China, Japan, Korea, Vietnam, and Indonesia, while the the near east refereed to the ottoman empire, which includes modern day turkey, iraq, syria and the rest of the levant.
The Middle East could therefore be somewhere in between, and starting in the 1900s it began to describe the area around the persian gulf, which was adjacent to the near east.
After the ottoman empire fell, the term middle east began to expand to encompass what had been known as the near east, but some people still used the term near east.
In the english languages the term middle east won because in world war 2 the British Army called their forces in the area the Middle East Command, while in other languages the term near east is still more popular.
Middle East Explained: https://youtu.be/0ZvYJmzvgLo
Spain Explained: https://youtu.be/sjoHOSFBgt8
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