Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom is a 1984 American action-adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg.
It is the second installment in the Indiana Jones franchise and a prequel to the 1981 film Indiana Jones and the Raiders of the Lost Ark and followed by Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade in 1989 and Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull in 2008 respectively, featuring Harrison Ford reprising his role as the title character.
After arriving in North India, Indiana Jones is asked by desperate villagers to find a mystical stone and rescue their children from a Thuggee cult practicing child slavery, black magic and ritual human sacrifice in honor of the goddess Kali.
After three rejected plot devices, Lucas wrote a film treatment that resembled the film's final storyline.
Lawrence Kasdan, Lucas's collaborator on Raiders, turned down the offer to write the script, and Willard Huyck and Gloria Katz were hired as his replacements, with the screenplay partly based upon the 1939 film Gunga Din.
The film was released to financial success but mixed reviews, which criticized its violence, later contributing to the creation of the PG-13 rating, as well as the character of Willie Scott for being annoying and useless.
However, critical opinion has improved since 1984, citing the film's intensity and imagination.