The Domain Name System, or DNS, is implemented as a hierarchical and distributed database containing various types of data, including host names and domain names. DNS syncs up domain names with IP addresses enabling humans to use memorable domain names while computers on the Internet can use IP addresses.
Without DNS, the Internet as we know it would simply not exist, and we would be left dealing in ones and zeroes. Without DNS, everyday activities such as shopping, web browsing, research, communications, or downloading would not be possible. That is why experts usually refer to DNS as the Phonebook of the Internet.
This short animated video explains how the DNS works. For more information on DNS log on to https://webhostinggeeks.com/guides/dns/